From the Bottom-Up: Key lessons learned from Senegal’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process


Senegal is taking a sectoral approach to its NAP process with the development of sectoral NAPs—this process was first successfully completed in 2016 in one of the pillars of the country’s economy: the fisheries sector.

While such sectoral approach to the NAP process is not unique to Senegal, a distinction here is that the process started from the bottom-up, with local adaptation plans informing the development of the NAP for the fisheries sector.

Generating approximately 600,000 direct and indirect jobs (in 2015), the fisheries sector in Senegal greatly contributes to the nation’s food security, with over half of the total animal protein intake coming from it. However, the coastal zone—on which it largely depends on and where two thirds of the population lives—is particularly vulnerable to climate change.

Coastal erosion is already rendering a large part of the coastline uninhabitable. Observed rising sea levels, higher temperatures and ocean acidification are also associated with increased flooding, more intense storms, shifts in fish populations, and the intrusion of saltwater in coastal aquifers and soils among other observed negative impacts.

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References: weADAPT. (n.d.). Retrieved

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