Adapting to climate change is about reducing vulnerability to current and projected climate risk while vulnerability to climate change is determined in large part by people’s adaptive capacity. Climate hazards do not affect all people within a community or even the same household equally because some people have greater capacity than others to manage the crisis. The inequitable distribution of rights, resources, power and norms constrains many people’s ability to take action on climate change. This is especially true for women and vulnerable groups. Therefore, gender is a critical factor in understanding vulnerability to climate change.
Tools for integration of gender into adaptation planning
There are many approaches and tools available for integrating gender into adaptation planning and implementation. In the report some of these available tools are presented:
It is important that integrating gender into adaptation is not only about targeting women, counting women amongst beneficiaries, or making sure women’s issues are addressed. Decision-makers need to critically consider whether and how strategies are addressing gender inequalities.
To understand gender inequalities, it is important to understand gender gaps and devise strategies to bridge them. Understanding the situation of different gender groups relative to each other is important in order to understand the differences in vulnerability and adaptive capacity between women and men.
Download the full report here Strengthening gender considerations in adaptation planning and implementation in the least developed countries